How To Install Minecraft On Ubuntu For Free

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We’ll install Minecraft on Linux, the most popular indie-game of all time. It immerses the player in a world made of blocks where the player can build, destroy, and mine things! The best part is that it is available on Linux too. You can install it on your desktop PC or if you have a powerful machine, you can set it up on your server as well. This article will cover both the desktop and server installs of Minecraft.

  1. How To Install Ubuntu Usb
  2. How To Install Ubuntu Iso
  3. Install Minecraft Linux
  4. How To Install Minecraft On Ubuntu For Free Windows 7
  5. How To Install Minecraft On Linux For Free

Install Minecraft on Linux

How To Install Minecraft On Ubuntu For Free
  • To install the Minecraft using the snap package, here are the steps: Ubuntu 20.04 LTS already comes installed with the snapd, so you do not need to install it. Simply issue the following command in Terminal to install the Minecraft installer package. $ sudo snap install mc-installer.
  • This video will show you how to host a minecraft server for free on ubuntu. This specific tutorial will show how to do this on ubuntu 18.04 but should work i.
  • Download Server Software (ALPHA) for Minecraft. If you want to run a multiplayer server for Minecraft, start by downloading the server release for either Windows or Ubuntu.

To play Minecraft as multiplayer you have to purchase a license. But the server edition is free to run and you don’t need to purchase a license for that. Let’s now get going with installing Minecraft on our server. Minecraft Server is only compatible with Minecraft: Java Edition. So, to be able to run Minecraft, you need to. Minecraft is available as a snap package on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. To install Minecraft snap package, run the following command: $ sudo snap install minecraft Minecraft snap package should start downloading.

Currently, the official Minecraft Download page has three options for Desktop Linux

  1. .deb file – For installation on Debian/Ubuntu and their derivatives.
  2. AUR Repository – For installation on Arch based distros.
  3. .tar.gz file – For installation on almost any Linux distribution. This archive needs to be extracted. It contains the Minecraft binary itself which can be run directly.

In this article I’ll show you installation only through the 1st option i.e. for Debian/Ubuntu systems.

1. Obtain the .deb file from Minecraft’s official website

Hitman blood money free download for android. The .deb file can be downloaded using the wget command as follows:

This will download a .deb file in your home directory.

2. Install the downloaded .deb file

You can install the .deb file using your distro’s .deb opener by double clicking on the Minecraft.deb or you can use the dpkg command.

3. Run Minecraft

You will find Minecraft now listed as one of the applications. You can launch it as you may launch any other application. You can also run it using the command line by typing minecraft-launcher on the command line.

Install and setup Minecraft on a Debian/Ubuntu server

You might have installed Minecraft on your local PC but you can have a private server for you and your friends exclusively! To play Minecraft as multiplayer you have to purchase a license. But the server edition is free to run and you don’t need to purchase a license for that. Let’s now get going with installing Minecraft on our server.

1. Install Java

Minecraft Server is only compatible with Minecraft: Java Edition. So, to be able to run Minecraft, you need to have JRE (Java Runtime Environment) on which Minecraft can run. Visit here for complete instructions on installing Java on Debian Linux.

Java ( specifically JRE) is provided by the OpenJDK package(Any version of JDK >=8 will do) . You can install it using the apt command Virtual dj sound effects 78 effects download.

We used headless Java as we do not require GUI, or mouse/keyboard support(which is usually the case for a server). You could also install the normal openjdk-14-jre package.

You can verify the java installation by typing

It should print information like in the above screenshot.

2. Create a Minecraft user

It’s better to create a separate user for Minecraft from a security perspective. This account cannot be accessed through SSH as it has no password. It can only be accessed by a user with sudo privileges. To add a Minecraft user, use the useradd command as follows

For further steps you need to change into the newly created Minecraft user using the su command.

3. Download Minecraft Server edition

How to install minecraft on ubuntu 20.04

Creating a separate directory for a server is a good idea. That can be done using themkdir command.

As of this writing, the latest version of Minecraft server is 1.16.4. To download the server edition you can go to Minecraft’s official download page.

For Minecraft Server v1.16.4, you can download it using this wget command

How To Install Ubuntu Usb

5. Configure Minecraft server

Now that the server is downloaded, we need to run the server as it generates configuration files when run for the first time.

Since the server is a .jar file, it has to be run using the java command from the server directory

As can be seen in the screenshot, the server generates some configuration files. The 1st file to change is eula.txt. To accept the EULA, you need to change eula=false to eula=true

You can either use your favorite text editor or get away with a one-liner using the sed command

4. Create systemd unit file for Minecraft

It is convenient to run Minecraft as a service as then systemd manages the headache of starting/restarting the service for us.

You need to create a systemd unit file with your favorite text editor. I’ll be using the nano text editor

Switch back to the sudo user by typing exit. From now on, all commands are to be executed by the user with sudo privileges. Next, create the unit file.

Then, paste the following configuration

Modify the Xmx and Xms flags according to your server resources. The Xmx flag defines the maximum memory allocation pool for a Java Virtual Machine (JVM), while Xms defines the initial memory allocation pool.

Save and exit. And now reload the systemd-daemon

5. Start the Minecraft service

This can be done using the systemctl command

To check the status of the Minecraft service, type

Lastly, enable this service so that Minecraft automatically starts on a reboot.

6. Configure Firewall for Minecraft

Chances are that the Minecraft server will be behind a firewall. To access it from the internet, port 25565 has to be opened.

To allow traffic from port 25565, we use the ufw firewall:

7. Additional Configuration for Minecraft (Optional)

You might have noticed that the server also produces a server.properties file. (You can use the ls command to check). This file provides additional control over your Minecraft world in the form of key-value pairs. Some of the options are:

As you can see, you can change almost every parameter of the game to suit your needs.

Conclusion

Minecraft, being the most popular indie-game, has a very large user base. Installing Minecraft on Linux is a breeze. Though the steps for installing on the server might seem difficult, following the steps in this article will get your server set up in very little time. Further, you can look for utilities such as mcron that allow for easy backups of Minecraft worlds. You can also choose non-vanilla modded Minecraft servers with some bells and whistles like Spigot.

Minecraft Bedrock Edition is the version of Minecraft that powers the iPhone / Android versions (formerly Minecraft Pocket Edition), the Xbox / PlayStation / Nintendo Switch editions and the free Windows 10 Minecraft edition.

Mojang has released a dedicated server which is considered to be in alpha testing. I have found it to be very stable and able to run on a wide variety of hardware.

This script and guide are written to help you get a robust Minecraft Bedrock dedicated server up and running in only a few minutes!

Features

  • Sets up fully operational Minecraft Bedrock edition server in a couple of minutes
  • Ubuntu / Debian distributions supported
  • Fully operational Minecraft Bedrock edition server in a couple of minutes
  • Sets up Minecraft as a system service with option to autostart at boot
  • Automatic backups when server restarts
  • Supports multiple instances — you can run multiple Bedrock servers on the same system
  • Updates automatically to the latest version when server is started
  • Easy control of server with start.sh, stop.sh and restart.sh scripts
  • Optional scheduled daily restart of server using cron

UPDATE 12/10/20 – Multiple instances are currently broken due to the Minecraft Bedrock Edition dedicated server opening up a set of ports it is not supposed to. Official bug is here on Mojang’s official website. This should fix itself eventually as it has nothing to do with this script but is in fact a bug in the server itself but for now be advised multiple instances don’t work. Single instances of the server are still fine.

Requirements

  • A computer with a 64 bit processor (if you are trying to use ARM read my article on the limitations). 32 bit binaries of the official server are not available so it needs to be 64 bit!
  • 1 GB of RAM or higher
  • Ubuntu Server 20.04 / 18.04
  • Other operating systems supported as well as long as they use systemd (for the service). The script assumes apt is installed but there are minimal dependencies so you could install these on another distro (that doesn’t have apt present) and use the script normally.

Recommended Gear

Game Editions

Minecraft: Bedrock Edition is the “Windows 10” version of Minecraft as well as the version of Minecraft on the Xbox / Playstation / Switch. The versions of Minecraft for Android and iOS are also the Bedrock edition.

All of these versions support cross-platform play with each other (but not with the Java edition).

This is the PC Minecraft for Windows 10 (Bedrock) edition of Minecraft. It is able to play cross-platform with other players on Android / iOS / Playstation / Xbox / Switch. Available as a code that is instantly activated to give you permanent access to the game!

Links: Amazon.com*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.in*, Amazon.it*

The Sony PlayStation version of Minecraft: Bedrock edition.

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This is the Nintendo Switch version of Minecraft: Bedrock edition.

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This is the Microsoft Xbox version of Minecraft: Bedrock edition.

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Recommended Storage (Solid State Drive)

I strongly recommend a Solid State drive (SSD) for your server. This is because Minecraft is constantly reading/storing chunks to the disk which makes I/O performance very important.

These are much cheaper than they used to be. Here’s a decent 120 GB one (higher capacity options are available) at a very low price:

The Kingston A400 has been a great drive to use for years. It’s reliable, widely available around the world, has low power requirements and performs very well. It’s also very affordable. This drive has been benchmarked over 1000 times at pibenchmarks.com and is the #1 most popular SSD!

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If you have a M.2 NVME slot in your motherboard you can go with a high end drive. This will give your server maximum performance even if a large number of players are running around on the server changing blocks and triggering disk writes.

This is the one I have in my machine. These range from 250 GB to 2 TB depending on how big your server might grow:

How To Install Ubuntu Iso

The Samsung 970 EVO Plus is a fantastic drive and has fallen in price substantially. It’s widely available around the world. The smaller capacities (such as the 250GB version) of this drive are perfect! This is the top performance option without going into the “Pro” series of the lineup which are much more expensive.

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Computer / CPU / Memory

Almost any PC made in the last few years will be a x86_64 bit computer. If you have an older computer around that isn’t being used then it will most likely have the right CPU and amount of memory (as well as fast storage) to run a basic server.

Throwing a SSD in one of these older computers will provide an excellent server experience for small and larger player counts.

The speed of your storage will make the largest difference. Older HDDs are going to have significantly slower performance than any modern SSD even with all other hardware equal. This is because the Minecraft server is constantly reading/writing chunks of your world as well as updates to it to the disk so this tends to be the bottleneck.

Operating System

I highly recommend using Ubuntu Server to run the Minecraft dedicated server. It is available here: https://ubuntu.com/download/server

At the time of writing the current version is Ubuntu Server 20.04. This is a secure and robust operating system and will leave plenty of resources available for the server to run.

The script should run on any Debian based flavor of Linux but since the Minecraft Bedrock server is compiled natively for Ubuntu I recommend sticking with it. If you have a GUI flavor of Ubuntu and a decent PC (>= 2 GB of RAM) the server will work just fine on it.

Note: People have reported in the comments that Ubuntu 16.x is no longer working with the latest official Mojang binaries. Ubuntu 18.04 is the minimum requirement for the latest versions, and 20.04 is recommended!

Installation

Log into your Linux server either using SSH or a mouse and keyboard and paste/type the following command:

The script will setup the Minecraft sever and ask you some questions on how to configure it. I’ll explain here what they mean.

“Start Minecraft server at startup automatically (y/n)?” – This will set the Minecraft service to start automatically when your server boots. This is a great option to set up a Minecraft server that is always available.

“Automatically restart and backup server at 4am daily (y/n)?” – This will add a cron job to the server that reboots the server every day at 4am. This is great because every time the server restarts it backs up the server and updates to the latest version. See the “Scheduled Daily Reboots” section below for information on how to customize the time or remove the reboot.

That is it for the setup script. The server will finish configuring and start!

First Run

The server will start up and start displaying output to the console.

Once you see the “Server started” line you will be able to connect from the client.

To add the server to the client open Minecraft and click “Play”. Then at the top of the screen select the “Servers” tab and click “Add Server”.

This will ask you for a Server Name and Server IP Address. For the name you can put anything and for the server IP address put the address of your Linux server. Leave the port as the default 19132. For more information on how to let people from outside your network on go to the “Port Forwarding” section below.

Now choose the server you just added in the list and connect!

Start, Stop and Restart Server

The server can be started, stopped and restarted two different ways. You can use the provided scripts in the Minecraft folder or you can use systemctl. Here are the commands:

Automatic Backups

The server backs up each time it starts. This helps you recover easily if something goes wrong. This system works best if you configured the server to restart daily since it means you will have a backup every day.

To access these backups type:

When a backup is made the filename will be the date and time the backup was taken. If you need to restore a backup it’s very easy. Substitute the timestamp in my example to the backup you want to roll back to. Type:

Your world has now been restored! It’s a good idea to download these backups off the server periodically just in case the server’s storage fails.

Installing Resource Packs / RTX Support

For instructions on how to install resource packs (including optional RTX support) view my step by step Minecraft Bedrock Dedicated Server Resource Packs guide here.

Scheduled Daily Reboots

The daily reboots are scheduled using cron. It’s very easy to customize the time your server restarts.

Install Minecraft Linux

To change the time that the server restarts type: crontab -e

This will open a window that will ask you to select a text editor (I find nano to be the easiest) and will show the cronjobs scheduled on the server. The Minecraft one will look like the following:

How To Install Minecraft On Ubuntu For Free Windows 7

There are 5 fields here. The default restart time is set to reboot at 0 minutes of the 4th hour of the day (4 AM). The other 3 fields are left as * to represent every day of every month. Make any desired changes here and press Ctrl+X to exit nano and update the cronjob.

To remove the daily reboot simply delete the line and save.

Reconfigure / Update Scripts

The scripts can always be reconfigured and updated by downloading the latest SetupMinecraft.sh and running the installer again. It will update all of the scripts in the Minecraft directory and reinstall the startup service for you.

Running SetupMinecraft.sh again will also give you a chance to reconfigure options such as the memory dedicated to the server, daily reboots, starting the server on boot, etc.

This will not overwrite your world or any other data so it is safe to run!

Port Forwarding

If everyone on your server is on the same LAN or WiFi network as you then you don’t need to do this. If you want people to connect from outside your local network then you need to set up port forwarding on your router.

The process for this is different for every router so the best thing to do is just look at your router and find the model # and put that in google with port forwarding for easy instructions on how to do it for your specific router.

You want to forward port 19132. The type of connection is both TCP and UDP. On some routers you need to do both a TCP entry and then a second entry as UDP.

Once you do this people will be able to connect to your Minecraft server through your public IP address. This is different than your local IP which is usually a 192.x.x.x or 10.x.x.x. If you don’t know what that is just go to google and type “what’s my ip” and Google will kindly tell you!

Wired vs. Wireless

Going with an ethernet (wired) connection is going to be faster and more reliable. There’s so much wireless traffic and other interference in the air that running your server on WiFi is not recommended.

Even if it is working great 99% of the time it can ruin your experience very quickly if the WiFi drops for a couple of seconds and you get blown up by a creeper!

All that being said, the server works fine on wireless. The script will work fine as is with a wireless connection.

Conclusion

The Minecraft Bedrock Edition dedicated server runs much better than previous third party servers in the past that were missing critical features. The performance is very good even on low end hardware. It has never been easier to set up a Minecraft Bedrock server.

If you have any feedback or suggestions let me know in the comment section. A lot of the changes and developments in this script and guide are directly from readers.

How To Install Minecraft On Linux For Free

Have fun!

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